Following are some more upanishad insights that I would like share with you all in continuation to my previous posts on upanishad insights in Ramayanam as per Guru ji Shri Shri bhashyam Appalacharya's pravachanam:
1. In the begining of sundara kanda, all the vAnaras assemble near the ocean and tell about their capacity to fly across the ocean. All the vAnaras say that they can not cross the 100 yojanas sea to reach lanka. However, Lord Hanuman says he can cross the 100 yojana long sea.
Guruji says that there is a hidden meaning behind saying 100 yojana long sea link as per upanishads. The ParmAtma, JeevAtma and prakruthi are the three things which constitute every being. The '1' denotes the ParamAtma, and the remaining two zeroes denote jeevatma and prakruti..The later two does not have any value without paramAtma (i.e., they represent null/shunyam without paramatma...). However, they attain completeness (i.e., they attain poornattvam) when they are together with paramAtma. Whoever realizes/experiences this great fact by obtaining siddhi/atmagnanam can cross over this 100 yojana samsara sagaram. As we have discussed in our earlier posts that Lord Hanuman is the acharya swaroopa who crossed the ocean to unite jeevatma (mother Sita represents Jeevatma) with paramatma (Lord Rama is the ParamAtma). Thus, he was able to cross this 100 yojana samsara sagaram.
2. When Lord Hanuman crosses the sea and about to enter Lanka nagaram, there comes a rakshasi named Lankadhidevata. She says arrogantly the following: "I am (i.e., Aham) Lankadhi devata and you can not enter without conquering me". Further, she starts attacking Lord hanuman. Then Lord hanuman hits her with his left hand fist gently (Here Lord Hanuman shows mercy on that female demon and hence hits with his left hand fist gently). She could not face Lord Hanuman in that battle and surrenders to Hanuman and says the following:" Long ago, Lord brahmaa told me that I will be conquered by a vAnara one day and that is the begining of rakshasa clan destruction". Further, she asks him to enter lanka and look for mother Sita and unite her with Rama. Lord hanuman enters the langa nagara from the fence of the city by keeping his left foot first.
Here is the following upanishad interpretation for this incident:
Hanuman is the acharya swaroopa, Lanka is our body and our aham (i.e., arrogance) represent lankadhi devata. In our lives also, a guru comes to give us atma gnanam and thus make us united with paramAtma. However, our arrogance (i.e., aham) represented by lankadhi devata never allow our guru to help us conquer our ignorance. That means , we are still very much protecting our body aka lanka with our arrogance. Hence due to our arrogance, we hurt our gurus and thus our body aka lanka is well protected with our arogance and ignorance (here protection is in a negative sense. i.e., with our aham, we never allow a guru to give us gnanam and thus we will continue to take births again and again. Thus, we are protecting our material body). Thus, our jeevathma never attains paramAtma until we shed our arrogance. Further, Lord Hanuman entering lanka by jumping over fence, but not by entering via simha dwaram signifies the following:
common people like us take births to experiences the fruits of karma phala. However, great acharyas like shankarAcharya, RAmanujAcharya and MadhvAcharya did not take birth to experience their karma phalas. They are not bound by karmas since they attained atmagnaanam/siddhi..They came to this world by the divine will to establish the path of dharma, thus helping us to get out of this birth and death cycle.
3. Sundara kanda starts with the following mantra and guru ji says that the entire upanishad saaram is embedded into this mantra.
ततो रावण नीतायाः सीतायाः शत्रुकर्शनह
इयेष पदमन्वेष्टुं चारणा चरिते पथि
Meaning of the aforementioned sloaka is as follows: Lord Hanuman, the conquerer of enemies started his search for mother Sita who was abducted by rAvana.
The upanishad interpretation is as follows:
तत (meaning THAT, which is omnipresent, omnipotent, omniscient and beyond our reach due to our ignorance) signifies paramAtma.
रावन denotes our manas and
सीता denotes jeevaathma and sanskrit meaning of sita is ploughing device that is used in agriculteral land for farming. She was found by king Janaka while plouging land for doing yagnam. Hence he named her as Sita. The upanishad meaning is as follows:
By ploughing the karma kshetram (i.e., our body) with a ploughing device named gnanam, one can find/realize atma's tattvam (i.e., Sita).
शत्रुकर्शनह means the one who conqured enemies..Here it signifies inner enemies (i.e., indriya vyAmohas). Only a sadguru conquers his inner enemies and bestows gnanam to his desciples. So our jeevatma which belongs only to paramAtma is under the bondage (i.e., bandhanam) of manas and indriyas because of jeeva's adharmic way of living. Lord hanuman (acharya swaroopa) who conquered his inner enemies, gives gnanam to desciples and unites the jeevaatma with paramaatma.